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By J. Tempeck. Bluefield College. 2017.

There are two main types of lymphocytes: T lym- cells based on their size and by the absence of granules phocytes and B lymphocytes discount rogaine 5 60 ml without a prescription. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), on to come and destroy the antibody-coated organism. When a virus enters a cell, it produces certain proteins that are project- ed onto the surface of the infected cell. The T cells rec- Acute leukemias ognize these proteins and make certain chemicals that In acute leukemia, the maturation process of the are capable of destroying the virus-infected cells. The immature cells (or dition, the T cells can destroy some types of cancer cells. This uncontrolled proliferation of the immature ture through stages into either RBCs, WBCs, or platelets. Chronic leukemias Acute leukemias are of two types: acute lymphocyt- In chronic leukemias, the cancer starts in the blood ic leukemia and acute myelogenous leukemia. The cells mature and types of white blood cells are involved in the two only a few remain as immature cells. In acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), the T though the cells mature and appear normal, they do not or B lymphocytes become cancerous. Because normal lymphocytes multiply slowly, but in a poorly reg- leukemia is the most common form of childhood cancer, ulated manner. They live much longer and thus their it is often regarded as a disease of childhood. T cells are affected in can Cancer Society (ACS), approximately 29,000 new only 5% of the patients. International- GALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE 2 1205 ly, leukemia is the fourth most common cancer among Diagnosis people age 15 to 19 years old. If the Causes & symptoms doctor has reason to suspect leukemia, he or she will conduct a thorough physical examination to look for en- Leukemia strikes both sexes and all ages and its larged lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, and pelvic re- cause is mostly unknown.

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Saw Palmetto Saw palmetto (Serenoa repens) is a dwarf American Dose palm native to the extreme southeastern United States buy rogaine 5 60 ml amex. For BPH, 320 mg of the lipidosterolic extract by mouth A lipidosterolic extract of its berries contains fatty acids daily in two divided doses with food is usually recom- (especially lauric acid), phytosterols, monocylglycerides, mended. The dried berries and tea are 80% of the extract and are thought to be the most clin- not recommended, since the fatty acids responsible for ically effective component. The berries them- selves are less well absorbed than the extract and are Conclusion therefore believed to be less effective. Saw palmetto extract is a fairly well tolerated, safe al- Mechanism of Action ternative to finasteride for long-term treatment of BPH, although 1-adrenoceptor blocking agents undoubtedly Saw palmetto extract can inhibit the enzyme 5- -reductase afford more rapid symptom relief. Its name is 794 VII DRUGS AFFECTING THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM derived from the Old English word for plant, wort, and ropathy has also been described, and it is possible that from the fact that it often starts blooming around June hypericin may also increase the risk of cataracts with 24, St. While a prior allergy to the herb is the tionally been used for wound healing, insomnia, main contraindication, St. Although this the numerous clinically significant herb–drug interac- herb is now commonly standardized for its hypericin tions that have been reported. This first came to light following acute heart transplant rejection in a per- Mechanism of Action son taking cyclosporin and St. The of digoxin, warfarin, theophylline, and oral contracep- hypaphorine constituent may possess serotonin reup- tives. Breakthrough bleeding has been observed in take inhibitor activity, and it also inhibits synaptic up- young women taking this herb, and patients starting take of amino butyric acid (GABA) and L-glutamate. Flavonoid components and hypericin mon medications, including nonsedating antihistamines, also may weakly inhibit catechol-O-methyl-transferase antifungals, chemotherapeutic agents, and calcium chan- (COMT). Although well tolerated Adverse Reactions, Contraindications, in most patients, a major concern is its numerous and Interactions herb–drug interactions mediated by its induction of the cytochrome P450 enzyme system. Hypomania has also been reported in several Soybeans (Glycine max) are protein-rich legumes cases, and rarely, photosensitivity can be a problem fol- widely grown around the world as a food crop.

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